Smart Growth 2010
City of Delavan, Wisconsin
What is Smart Growth?
As part of the state’s 1999-2000 biennial budget, Governor Thompson signed into law one of the most comprehensive pieces of land use legislation considered in this state during the last 50 years. This legislation, referred to as the “Smart Growth” legislation, is intended to provide local governmental units with the tools necessary to create comprehensive plans, make more informed decisions and encourage agencies to create more balanced land use rules and policies. The Smart Growth legislation is unique in that it was crafted by a coalition of groups representing varying interests. Groups included the Wisconsin Towns Association, League of Wisconsin Municipalities, the Wisconsin Alliance of Cities, Wisconsin Builders Association, Wisconsin Counties Association and more.
The Comprehensive Plan Definition
The “Smart Growth” legislation includes one of the most substantive definitions of a “comprehensive plan” in the country. Prior to this legislation, Wisconsin only had the 1920s limited definition of a “master plan” (for cities, villages and towns with village powers) and a limited definition of a “county development plan,” which was adopted in 1967. Unlike prior definitions, the “comprehensive plan” definition applies uniformly to all cities, villages, towns, counties and regional planning commissions in Wisconsin. Although this definition does not solve all of the problems associated with land use planning, it begins to provide the framework for unified land use planning and regulation for Wisconsin.
The purpose of the comprehensive plan definition is to provide local governmental units with a framework for making more informed land use decisions. Too often local governmental units make decisions without understanding their impact on other aspects of the community. To help local governmental units better assess the impacts of their decisions on all aspects of the community, the comprehensive plan definition consists of the following nine elements:
- Issues and Opportunities element
- Housing element
- Transportation element
- Utilities and Community Facilities element
- Natural and Cultural Resources element
- Economic Development element
- Intergovernmental Cooperation element
- Land Use element
- Implementation element
These elements must be addressed within the Comprehensive Plan document by developing goals, objectives, policies, programs and maps which will guide future development within the community over a 20 year planning period.
The “Smart Growth” package according to s. 66.1001, requires that after January 1, 2010, if a town, village, city, county, or regional planning commission engages in official mapping, subdivision regulation, or zoning, those actions must be guided by, and consistent with, the community's comprehensive plan. Commonly refered to as Wisconsin's "Smart Growth" legislation, the Comprehensive Planning Law (s. 66.1001) does not mandate how a local community should grow, rather it requires public participation at the local level in deciding how a community wants to look and be in the future, and that can even mean simply preserving what a community has today.
As indicated in this legislation, merely completing the comprehensive plan by January 1, 2010, is not enough. In an effort to make the comprehensive plan the cornerstone of all local land use decisions, the comprehensive plan, once completed, must be implemented by January 1, 2010. This means that (a) the comprehensive plan must be adopted by the governing body of the local governmental unit according to the procedures outlined in Wis. Stat. § 66.1001, and (b) all official mapping, subdivision regulation, or zoning must be consistent with the comprehensive plan. For some local governmental units, the process of updating ordinances to be consistent with their comprehensive plan will be a sizable task, requiring considerable time and effort. For other local governmental units, this will be a relatively systematic process. Nevertheless, local governmental units are strongly encouraged to begin this process as early as possible to avoid potential pitfalls.
Existing plans and current planning processes are not directly affected. However, before January 1, 2010, local governments enforcing subdivision and zoning ordinances or official mapping will need to have a comprehensive plan. Planning takes time. The earlier a community begins to prepare a comprehensive plan the better. The grant program provide incentives for early completion of comprehensive plans.
Process for Adopting the Comprehensive Plan
The “Smart Growth” legislation significantly changes the process by which local governmental units adopt their comprehensive plans. First, the comprehensive plan must be adopted in its entirety. This means that local governmental units must adopt a comprehensive plan that contains all nine elements and meets the statutory requirements set forth in Wis. Stat. § 66.1001 before the comprehensive plan goes into effect. Under current law, local governmental units can adopt master plans and county development plans in parts and the plans are often never “complete.”
Second, the governing body of the local governmental unit must adopt the plan by ordinance. Prior to adopting the ordinance, the local governmental unit must publish a class 1 notice at least 30 days before the required public hearing is held. The class 1 notice must contain at least the following information: (a) the date, time and place of the hearing; (b) a summary of the proposed comprehensive plan or amendment; (c) the name of the person to contact for additional information; and (d) the location where the proposed comprehensive plan or amendment can be reviewed by the public.
Delavan's Adoption Comprehensive Plan
Final Comprehensive Plan
Map 1 - Jurisdictional Boundaries
Map 2 - Soil Suitability for Agriculture
Map 3 - Natural Features
Map 4 - Existing Land Use
Map 5a - Future Land Use - ETJ Extent
Map 5b - Future Land Use - City Extent
Map 6 - Transportation & Community Facilities
Click on the links above to view PDF files for each chapter or map. Use list below if you are looking for something specific.
Delavan's Comprehensive Plan
Some users of the Plan will want to find information or recommendations on a particular topic related to the City’s future, without reading the whole Plan. A couple of tips: first, the Table of Contents may help zero in on specific information. The Implementation chapter identifies the City’s highest priority implementation steps. The list of terms and topics below may also help.
Where can I find the topics that interest me?
Affordable housing, Ch. 6
Agriculture, Farming, Farmers’ Market Chs. 2, 3 & 7, Maps 2, 4,and 5
Airport, Lake Lawn Airport Chs. 3 & 5, Maps 4, 5, & 6
Bicycling/walking trails, Chs.2, 3, 4, 5, 8, & 9, Maps 4, 5, and 6,
Commercial Development, Chs. 2, 3, and 7, Figures 2.1, 7.8-9, Map 4 and 5.
Community events, Chs. 2 & 7
Delavan, Town of, Ch. 2, 5, 8 and 9 Maps 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7 & 6
Demographics, Chs. 1, 7
Density/lots sizes, Chs. 2, 3, 6
Development trends, Ch. 3
Downtown, Chs. 2, 3, 7, Figs 2.1 & 7.Maps 4 and 5
Energy efficiency, Chs. 3, 4, 5, and 6
Environmental corridors, Chs. 2, 3, 5, 6, & 9, Maps 3, 4, and 5
Extraterritorial jurisdiction, Chs.1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9 Maps 1, 4, and 5
Forecasts/projections, Chs. 1, 3, & 7
Health care, Chs.3 & 5
Highways, Ch 4, Map 6
Historic preservation, Chs. 2, 3, 6 Figure 2.1
Housing Mix, Chs, 3, 6, Map 5
Housing, multiple-family; Chs. 3 and 6, Maps 4 and 5.
Housing, single family, Chs. 3 & 6, 4, & 5
Industrial development, Chs. 3 & 7, Figure 7.10, Maps 4 & 5
Intergovernmental Agreement, Chs 8 and 9
Labor/job trends, Chs. 1 and 7
Lake, Chs.2, 3, 5,and 8; Maps 3, 4, 5, and 6
Official Map, Ch. 3, 4, 5, 9
Parks, Chs 2, 3, 5, & 9, Maps 4, 5, and 6
Planned Mixed Use Chs. 3 and 6, , Map 5
Planned neighborhoods, Chs. 3 and 6, , Map 5
Public buildings, Chs. 3 and 6, Maps 4, 5 and 6
Redevelopment, Chs 2, 3, 6, 7, and 9, Maps 4 & 5
Retail/shopping, Chs. 3 & 7, Figures 2.1, 7.8, 7.9, Maps 4 and 5
Rural housing, Chs. 2 and 3, Maps 4 & 5
Schools/education, Chs. 1, 3, 5, 8, and 9
Sanitary Sewer, Chs. 2, 3, 5, and 9, Maps 5 and 6,
Smart Growth areas, Ch. 3, Map 5
Subdivision ordinance, Chs. 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, and 9
Sustainable, Sustainability, Ch 2, 3, 7
Traditional neighborhood design/development, Chs. 3 and 6
Urban service area, Chs. 3 & 5, Maps 1, 5 and 6
Vision statement, Ch. 1
Walworth County, Chp. 1, 2, 7 and 8, and 9
Water management/quality, Chs. 2, 3 & 5
Water (municipal), Ch. 5
Zoning ordinance, Chs. 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9
Ch = Chapter
Chs = Chapters